The fungus Paecilomyces from Leang Pettae in Maros karst area and the suggestions for rock art preservation

Jamur Paecilomyces dari Leang Pettae di kawasan karst Maros dan saran pelestarian gambar cadasnya

Authors

  • Raden Cecep Eka Permana Department of Archaeology, Universitas Indonesia
  • Mohammad Habibi Kongju National University
  • Edy Gunawan Regional Office for Cultural Properties Preservation in East Kalimantan Province
DOI     10.30883/jba.v41i1.602

Keywords:

rock arts, Paecilomyces, conservation, Leang Pettae site

Abstract

This paper examines microorganisms causing damage to rock arts in Leang Pettae, Maros Karst Area, South Sulawesi. The damage is indicated by a layer of white sediment on the cave walls and rock arts. This research aims to identify the microorganisms that cause the damage and to determine the preservation strategy for the rock arts. Microorganism samples were taken from the area around the damaged hand stencils and figurative paintings of babirusa (Babyrousa). The samples were cultured on PDA (Potatoes Dextrose Agar) medium at the Biology Laboratory of the Agency for Borobudur Conservation. The analysis identifies fungus from the genus Paecilomyces, which thrives in humid and wet conditions, and produces protease enzymes that affect the organic elements of the rock arts. To preserve the rock arts in Leang Pettae, it is suggested to control temperature and humidity, prevent air pollution, and limit human activities inside the cave.

Abstrak

Tulisan ini mengkaji mikroorganisme penyebab kerusakan gambar cadas di Leang Pettae, Kawasan Karst Maros, Sulawesi Selatan. Mikroorganisme ini tumbuh subur pada kondisi gua yang lembab dan basah. Bentuk kerusakan ditunjukkan dengan lapisan endapan putih pada dinding gua dan gambar cadas. Penelitian ini mengidentikasi mikroorganisme penyebab kerusakan sebagai upaya pencegahan serta pelestarian gua dan gambar cadas. Sampel mikroorganisme diambil dari sekitar gambar cap telapak tangan dan babirusa yang mengalami kerusakan. Pembiakan sampel dilakukan pada media PDA (Potatoes Dextrose Agar) di Laboratorium Biologi Balai Konservasi Borobudur. Analisis berhasil mengidentikasi sampel berupa jamur dari genus Paecilomyces. Jamur jenis ini menghasilkan enzim protease dan dapat mempengaruhi unsur organik gambar cadas yang menyebabkan kerusakan pada banyak gambar cadas. Berdasarkan karakteristik jamur, saran untuk pelestarian gambar cadas di Leang Pettae yakni, mengontrol suhu dan kelembapan, mencegah polusi udara, dan membatasi aktivitas manusia di dalam ruang gua.

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The fungus Paecilomyces from Leang Pettae in Maros karst area and the suggestions for rock art preservation

Published

2021-05-30

How to Cite

Permana, R. C. E., Habibi, M., & Gunawan, E. (2021). The fungus Paecilomyces from Leang Pettae in Maros karst area and the suggestions for rock art preservation. Berkala Arkeologi, 41(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.30883/jba.v41i1.602

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Articles