Berkala Arkeologi <p class="intro" align="justify"><strong>P-ISSN </strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>0216-1419</strong></a> <br><strong>E-ISSN</strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong> 2548-7132</strong></a> <br><strong>=======================================</strong> <br><strong>Berkala Arkeologi</strong> is a biannual journal by Balai Arkeologi D.I. Yogyakarta, published every May and November each year. This journal seek to promote archaeological research, as well as to share those research to the public. Our first edition was published on March 1980, and we have grown since then. Starting from a journal with general topics, and now we have concentrated on a more specific topic, archaeology. Since 2012, Berkala Arkeologi has started to use online system and provide open access for all of its contents.</p> <p align="center"><a href=""><img src=""></a></p> Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta en-US Berkala Arkeologi 0216-1419 <p>Click <a title="Copyright Notice" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">here</a> to view our copyright notice.</p> Cover Berkala Arkeologi Volume 39 No. 1 May 2019 Berkala Arkeologi Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1 Preface Berkala Arkeologi Volume 39 No. 1 May 2019 Berkala Arkeologi Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1 i v STUDI PATOLOGI DAN KULTURAL PADA 19 GIGI LEPAS DARI KOTAK TP GEO IV SITUS GUNUNGWINGKO <p align="justify">Gunungwingko is an archaeological site located in Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta Province. This site was used from 0 AD to 17th century. In 1978 excavation, there were 19 isolated teeth found in excavation box T.P. Geo. IV from 170 – 220 cm in depth. The objective of this research is to identify Minimum Number Individual (MNI), and also their influences to health status and cultural point of view. The method being used for this research is bioarchaeological method with macroscopic analysis. We concluded that the MNI is four individuals based on four third left maxillary molars. Dental diseases such as dental attrition, dental caries, enamel hypoplasia, chipped tooth, and buccal pit can be observed in some of the teeth. Moreover, cultural influences also can be found in some of the teeth in form of dental modification (pangur) and betel chewing. One of the teeth showed evidence of multiple dental modification which possibly happened because of adulthood ceremonial and matrimonial/death ceremonial.</p> Ashwin Prayudi Rusyad Adi Suriyanto Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1 1 16 10.30883/jba.v39i1.337 IDENTIFIKASI TEKNIK MENANGKAP IKAN BERDASARKAN ENTHESOPATHIES PADA RANGKA MANUSIA DARI SITUS GILIMANUK, BALI <p>Due to its location in Gilimanuk Bay and its findings, Gilimanuk site stated for having fishers as subsistence strategy. This research uses pathological condition called enthesopathies as the primary data to induce fishing techniques as part of their daily activities. Identification enthesopathies follows procedure proposed by Hawkey &amp; Merbs and Mariotti. Result shows only two specific techniques which can be identified through pathological condition. Those techniques are fishing with stick and spearing methods. Based on pathological conditions, early fisher’s community from Gilimanuk only developed shallow water fishing techniques. Absence of other fishing techniques indicates by artefacts and induced from enthesopathies might lead to early assumption about natural resources are widely available and easy to procure in surrounds environment.</p> Dicky Caesario Wibowo Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1 17 32 10.30883/jba.v39i1.328 IDENTIFIKASI ARCA TOKOH BERKEPALA SINGA DI MUSEUM PENATARAN <p align="justify">The field study that was organized by the committee of Premodern Java Summer Programme in 2016 targeted several museums in East Java, especially in Mojokerto-Penataran area. That field study was intended to provide an understanding about the development of cultural arts during the end of Hindu-Buddhist period of Majapahit Kingdom. This paper is discussing about one of the objects that was being observed during that Summer Programme. The object of discussion is the lion-headed figure, stored in Museum Penataran. During the Summer Programme, some participants have predicted that the statue is Lord Vishnu in his Narasimha form. That prediction was mainly based on the statue's head which resemble a lion's head. Through several studies, such as the description of the statue, the literature study of iconography, and analysis about the special iconographic character, this paper concluded that this figure is a manifestation of Ganesha, named Simha-Ganapati. The worship of Simha-Ganapati has a purpose not only to bring strength and courage, but also to provide confidence in facing problems by destroying all forms of negative thoughts.</p> Ashar Murdihastomo Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1 33 52 10.30883/jba.v39i1.334 PERAN KOMUNITAS DALAM PENANGANAN TEMUAN BARU PRASASTI (STUDI KASUS KOMUNITAS KANDANG KEBO) <p align="justify">The aim of this study is to identify and analyze the efforts of the Kandang Kebo Community in handling new found inscriptions. The method used is descriptive-qualitative, combined with inductive reasoning. Structural analytic, especially Internal Criticism (transliteration, translation and interpretation) is also applied to analyse the new found inscription. &nbsp;Information for this study were collected from the members of Kandang Kebo community, stakeholders, and local community. Data collection were done by observation, literature study, interviews, and documentation. This study found that community which participate in maintaining cultural heritage objects is a provision in the Cultural Heritage Act no. 11 of 2010. Kandang Kebo as a society's community has been trying to apply this Act. The using of social media becomes one of the methods, with its quick and easy way; it makes new artifacts discovery easier to be known by others. Kandang Kebo then proceed this news to the office of BPCB. There are some inscriptions that are successfully saved and read by Kandang Kebo, followed by positive responses from the government.</p> Goenawan A. Sambodo Maria Tri Widayati Hery S. Purnawali Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1 53 72 10.30883/jba.v39i1.332 IMPLIKASI KULINER SESAJI DAN DHANYANG DALAM UPACARA TRADISI DI JEPARA <p>The article describes the culinary imp lic ation of offerings and d hanyang in 5 (five) villages in Jepara in the form of traditional ceremonies of Jembul Tulakan, Hari Jadi Kota Jepara, Sedekah Laut, Perang Obor, and Pesta Baratan. Only three out of five ceremonies were present ing culinary offerings as a representation of the dhanyang presence. The objective of this study is to reveal the existence of culinary offerings and d hanyang both by their food types and the intended dh anyang. This study was using a qualitative method which includes the collection of primary and secondary sources through literature study, observation, participants, structured interviews, indepth interviews, and Focus Group Discussion. The approaches which were used are anthropological and hermeneutical approaches. The study reveals a symbolic meaning from the presence of various culinaries presented to dhanyang and wishes expressed implicitly or explicitly in the ceremony. The wishes include the requests of safety, kindness, protection, etc. Recently, these wishes have shifted which caused by better knowledge, belief, and social experience of the performers towards their religion. Public belief in the power of d hanyang still exists even though it is not dominant.</p> Sri Indrahti Siti Maziyah Alamsyah Alamsyah Yanuar Yoga Prasetyawan Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1 73 91 10.30883/jba.v39i1.327 Appendix Berkala Arkeologi Volume 39 No. 1 May 2019 Berkala Arkeologi Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1 93 93 Backcover Berkala Arkeologi Volume 39 No. 1 May 2019 Berkala Arkeologi Copyright (c) 2019 Berkala Arkeologi 2019-06-21 2019-06-21 39 1