In Editorial

The editorial process for our next edition is in full swing. Articles below are under our considerations, and undergoing editorial processes. Author names are omitted from this list due to the nature of our double blind peer review process.

Volume 41/ 2021

APPLICATION OF GEOELECTRIC FOR MEGALITHIC SITES IDENTIFICATION IN PEKAUMAN VILLAGE, BONDOWOSO REGENCY

This article explains the use of the geoelectrical method in prospecting buried artifacts underneath the fields nearby heritage area of Pekauman. By utilizing a geoelectrical device, we can assume – based on the visual image and different color, that there was an artificial stone laid beneath the land. It proved that the Geoelectric device has detected the image of the artificial shape of the structure beneath surface. Otherwise, obtained information from this method is very important in giving preliminary data, particularly defining the coordinate number of locations before excavation. Excavation projects will cost less money than those who have no preliminary information. This preliminary data will guide the landowners when they are going to digging the foundation or any underground structure, to avoid demolition of underneath cultural heritage objects.

Keywords: Geoelectric; Site; Megalitic; Bondowoso

THE SLENDER AGASTYA STATUE IN THE MPU PURWA MUSEUM COLLECTION: OVERVIEW OF ICONOGRAPHY AND PLACE OF ORIGIN

This study aims to examine and identify the place of origin of the slender Agastya statue (arca) that is stored in the Mpu Purwa museum, Malang City. The object of study is the Agastya which is depicted with a slender stomach, partially curled hair that is loose on the back; holding the trident weapon from its backrest. The research method used was descriptive qualitative analysis with iconography, ecology, contextual, and historical studies. The result stated that the Agastya was influenced by the Gupta-Indian style, which appeared in the VIII to IX centuries in Central Java. Furthermore, the Agastya statue comes from the ruins of the Karangbesuki temple (located in Karangbesuki Village). The Agastya acts as a Hindu temple mandala statue that was placed in a niche outside the south side of the wall. This finding is expected to be useful for other further research.

Keywords: Statue; Agastya; Mpu Purwa Museum; Iconography

ROCK ART AND THE INFLUENCE OF PAECILOMYCES AT THE LEANG PETTAE PREHISTORIC CAVE, MAROS - SOUTH SULAWESI

The culture of rock art provides evidence of the existence of human life activities in caves in prehistoric times. The rock art culture has been going on for thousands of years. This very long span of time, resulted in many rock arts being damaged and threatened with extinction. Damage to rock arts is also caused by natural and cultural factors. This paper will identify the microorganisms that cause damage to the rock arts. The microorganism samples studied here were taken from around rock arts at the Leang (cave) Pettae site. The samples were cultured on PDA (Potatoes Dextrose Agar) medium at the Biology Laboratory of the Borobudur Conservation Center. The isolate observation was carried out based on the growth rate; colony color; colony diameter; hyphal state; color and shape of the spores. The analysis showed that the type of fungi was able to grow on PDA medium and identified from the genus Paecilomyces. This type of fungi produces protease enzymes which can affect the organic elements of rock arts. To minimize the influence of fungi on rock arts, monitoring efforts are needed to the prehistoric cave environment.

Keywords: rock arts; Paecilomyces; conservation; Leang Pettae site

ISLAMIC TRADITION IN ULU INSCRIPTION AND MANUSCRIPT AT PASEMAH AREA, SOUTH SUMATRA, INDONESIA

Ulu script were developed in the Southern Sumatra region, the word "ulu" means it comes from the upstream of a river or higher land. Inscriptions and manuscripts using ulu script are found in many communities in the Pasemah region. The relation between ulu's inscription and manuscript to Islam are very dominant in terms of their decorations. Inscriptions and manuscripts that were successfully identified are about farming, medicine, and mantras (read: prayers). In relation to farming, for example, Islamic astrology was being use as a guide in planting certain types of plants. Religion (belief) that was embraced by the Pasemah community since prehistoric times until now, has created an identity that is different. The Islamic tradition which was written in ulu's manuscript or inscriptions are also can be seen in their people's views. In this case, there are three groups of people's views regarding ulu's, which are: profane, semi-sacred, and sacred.

Keywords: Ulu script; inscriptions; manuscripts; Islamic tradition

THE TOPONYMY OF THE VILLAGES IN AMBON ISLAND: A HISTORICAL-ARCHAEOLOGICAL STUDY

Many previous researchers have conducted studies about Ambon toponymy. However, previous studies have not used the historical-archaeological approach. The use of this approach are enabling researchers to reveal the cross-cultural interactions in a specific locus. Taking the Island of Ambon as a locus, the researchers are aiming not only to find the origin of the village names, but also their cultural intersection in Leihitu and Leitimor Peninsula. Three steps were conducted by the researchers to collect and analyse data. Firstly, identification and tabulation of the village names mentioned by the Hikayat Tanah Hitu (The Epic of Hitu Land) and three ancient cartographies. Secondly, identification of various archaeological remains located in the villages. Finally, the researchers analysed the origin of village names by searching the word-meaning; finding the present location; and describing the role of the contemporary culture in the past. There were 12 villages with 22 archaeological remains. All related communities have the archaeological remains which could explain the local dynamics, however there are only ten villages which the meaning of their names could be identified.

Keywords: toponymy; cultural identity; Leihitu; Leitimor; etymology

PERMASALAHAN DALAM PEMBACAAN INSKRIPSI KUADRAT (ABAD XI-XII MASEHI) DI INDONESIA

Tulisan kuadrat ditemukan pada tiga pulau di Indonesia, dengan beragam gaya berdasarkan konteks keberadaannya. Bentuknya yang unik telah menimbulkan permasalahan dalam proses penelitiannya, yaitu mengenai identifikasi bentuk aksara, kata dan kalimat, serta makna dari muatan isinya. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian kualitatif, mengarah pada deskriptif-analisis dan digunakannya tipe eksplanatif untuk menjelaskan faktor-faktor di balik terjadinya gejala permasalahan tersebut dengan penerapan teori Linguistik Struktural serta Strukturalisme Lévi Strauss. Hasil penelitian ini, inskripsi kuadrat berdasarkan struktur isinya, terdiri: (1) tentang pernyataan resmi dari pejabat tinggi kerajaan, (2) tentang kata-kata dan angka berbentuk tunggal atau kalimat sebagai tanda untuk media berkomunikasi. Permasalahan pada faktor eksternal berkaitan kualitas objek. Solusinya dibutuhkan konservasi dan dokumentasi terhadap objek. Faktor internal berkaitan kemampuan peneliti dalam mengidentifikasi objek. Solusinya memperkuat studi linguistik struktural dan menerapkan paradigma yang tepat.

Keywords: Inskripsi Kuadrat; Varian; Isi; Permasalahan; Solusi

MOTIVATION AND PERCEPTION OF VISITORS TOWARDS TOURISM ATTRIBUTE IN SANGIRAN ANCIENT MAN MUSEUM, KRIKILAN CLUSTER

One of Indonesia’s tourist destinations which included in the Heritage Tourism category is Sangiran Ancient Man Site. As a tourist destination, The Sangiran Ancient Man Museum, Krikilan Cluster and four other museums, needs a concern to some important elements in the development and management of tourism destinations such as destination attributes which are then often linked to the motivation and perceptions of tourists, which related to tourist satisfaction of the destination. This article provides information on visitors’ motivations and perceptions of the Museum of Early Man, Krikilan Cluster based on quantitative research conducted on 533 participants. The results are expected to contribute to the museum in order to support its maintenance, management, and development to be a leading tourist destination.

Keywords: motivation; perception; Museum Sangiran; tourist destination

LOCAL WISDOM: PRESERVATION EFFORT TO IMOGIRI BURIAL SITE AS COMMUNITY LIFE SOURCE

Imogiri burial site is a privileged site the life in Imogiri began. This site has values, as it provides benefits for the locals. This research is done to know the value of Imogiri grave site, the benefits of the site provides to the local and the preservation efforts of the community to the site. This research aims to bring out the role of society to their cultural heritage that has been less attention. The research begins with surveys, observations, and interviews to collect data. The literature study was conducted to produce explanations related to Imogiri's tomb history, Javanese beliefs, and cultural heritage preservation theories. Furthermore, identification of the value of Imogiri burial site and analysis on the benefits of Imogiri burial site and the preservation efforts of the local community of the site were accomplished. The result of this study demonstrates that local wisdom has been effective effort to preserve Imogiri's burial site as a community life source.

Keywords: Imogiri; burial; site; preservation; local wisdom