Forthcoming

The editorial process for the November edition is almost reaching full circle. Look forward for these articles in our next edition. More articles will be added to this list as the editorial processes are completed.

Volume 39, No. 2 November 2019

ARLOKA MAP: MEDIA PENGENALAN NILAI-NILAI KEARIFAN LOKAL DI KAWASAN CANDI PRAMBANAN

Sandy Maulana Yusuf, Indah Nurafani Syarqiyah, Naufal Raffi Arrazaq

Prambanan Temple Area, one of sophisticated creations of Indonesian’s ancestors, contains local wisdom values that have not been well handed over to domestic visitors. This article aimed to introduce Arloka Map, an alternative communication medium that forming a physical tour-map which has local wisdom values of the Prambanan Temple Area within it. The study also aimed to test the effectiveness rate of the Arloka-Map to assist domestic tourists in knowing the values of local wisdom. Observation, literature studies, instrument test methods were used to collect basic data. The Arloka Map illustrates information of temple’s local wisdom covering technical building construction and relief ornamental art traditions. To determine the success rate of the proposed strategy, pre- and post-tests were conducted to 50 domestic tourist respondents. The outcomes were then analyzed by using the SPSS application. Results showed that score for using the Arloka-Map was higher than that of not-using the Arloka Map (i.e. 8.72 vs 4.44). It was concluded that the use of the Arloka-Map could help tourists knowing the values of local wisdoms at the temple’s area.

Keywords: Prambanan temple area; local wisdom; domestic tourist; arloka map

WHAT WE HAVE LOST FROM WHAT HAVE BEEN DONE: ETHICAL PROBLEMS OF THE SALVAGED SHIPWRECK CARGOES IN INDONESIA

Hutomo Putra

The struggling in the ethical issues of submerged underwater sites and underwater cultural heritage have been undertaking in Indonesia for the last two decades. During these 20 years, commercial companies in collaboration with the National Shipwreck Committee recovered and salvaged substantial numbers of material cargoes. Unfortunately, the majority of these operations occurred without the involvement of archaeologists and lack of proper and controlled archaeological methods and excavation techniques. Since 2010, the Indonesian Government has declared a moratorium that temporarily stopped all commercial survey and salvage activities, and prohibits the sale of the artefacts. Nowadays, more than 190,000 artefacts raised by salvagers are currently stored at the National Shipwreck Committee warehouses near Jakarta, in Cileungsi, West Java, Indonesia. This study attempts to illustrate the disadvantages of the commercial salvage practices and the auction of salvaged artefacts. This research also discusses some recommendations to contribute to a more ethical system of protection and the long-term management of the Indonesian maritime cultural resources, including its existing collections from salvaged shipwreck sites that are stored at the National Shipwreck Committee warehouse today.

Keywords: Salvaged material cargoes; National Shipwreck Committee; Underwater Cultural Heritage

KOTA-KOTA EKS KARESIDENAN KEDU (KAJIAN MORFOLOGI KOTA BERSEJARAH)

Dwi Pradnyawan

The cities of the former Kedu Residency are part of cities in Java that have experienced growth and change over time. Although not a large city in its time, the cities of the former Kedu Residency show an important role in the interior of Central Java. Its distinctive history in the 19th and 20th centuries formed a city center with an interesting city structure to study. This study seeks to study the urban centers of the former Kedu Residency, namely the City of Magelang, Purworejo, Temanggung, Wonosobo, and Kebumen through urban morphology approach by observing the forms (morpho) of the city, such as urban tissue or city shaped, tissue roads, land arrangements and buildings. The morphology analysis of the city in the urban centers of the former Kedu Residency shows the interesting facts, namely the development of the city, specifically the city center, from time to time while maintaining the basic characteristics of the traditional city morphology. The morphological elements of the city which at the same time archeological data grow and change with the course of history.

Keywords: former karesidenan kedu cities, city centre, urban morphology

POLA LANSKAP PERMUKIMAN TRADISIONAL LAMPUNG PEPADUN: STUDI KASUS TIYUH GEDUNG BATIN

Rian Adetiya Pratiwi, Andi Gunawan, Aris Munandar

Lampungnese people are divided into two indigenous groups, namely Lampung Saibatin indigenous people and Lampung indigenous people of Pepadun. In these two groups, there is still a group division based on the customary territory inhabited by each group. The objectives of this study are: (1) to identify the characteristics and elements that form the traditional settlement landscape pattern of Lampungnese Pepadun community, and (2) to analyze the traditional settlement landscape pattern from the perspective of the local culture and the factors that influence it. This research was conducted in Tiyuh (Kampung) Gedung Batin, Blambangan Umpu District, Way Kanan, Lampung. Data were collected from three important main sources, namely (1) customary texts, (2) traditional leaders interviews, (3) existing settlement artifacts. The collected data was analyzed using the historical analysis approach. The results show that the constituent elements of the traditional Lampung settlement of Pepadun consist of traditional buildings which include houses, communal buildings (sesat), as well as places of worship, arable land, rivers, residential roads and burial land. Tiyuh Gedung Batin is arranged in a pattern that extends along the river flow with houses facing each other.

Keywords: Content analysis; Lampungnese Pepadun; local culture; settlement pattern, traditional settlement

PERGESERAN LETAK PERMAKAMAN BELANDA DI KOTA SURABAYA DARI ABAD 18 HINGGA AWAL ABAD 20

Lengkong Sanggar Ginaris

One of the remains of the colonial period in Indonesia is the Dutch cemetery. The Dutch cemetery have magnificent tombs, western-style decorations and gravestone wrote in Dutch. Dutch cemeteries can be found in cities were Dutch occupied like Surabaya. During colonial period, Surabaya had four Dutch cemeteries in Jembatan Merah, Krembangan, Peneleh and Kembang Kuning. The aims of this study is to determine what factors are behind the displacment of the Dutch cemetery in Surabaya. The data used in this study include historical data like map of the city of Surabaya in 1787, 1825, 1866, and 1934. Meanwhile, the remaining archeological data that can be observed are the Dutch cemeteries in Peneleh and Kembang Kuning because the Dutch cemeteries at Jembatan Merah and Krembangan have been demolished long year ago. The data is sorted and analyzed to determine the displacemen pattern and the triggered factor. The results showed that there had been three Dutch cemetery shifts in Surabaya. The Dutch cemetery displacement in Surabaya was triggered by three factors from health, burial ground condition that couldnt support it, and the land conversion around the cemetery into settlement.

Keywords: settlement; cultural landscape; colonial; Dutch; Surabaya.

PERKEMBANGAN PENGGUNAAN BETON BERTULANG DI INDONESIA PADA MASA KOLONIAL (1901-1942)

Martha Setyowati

The discovery of reinforced concrete became a major breakthrough in modern construction technology in the early 20th century. In five decades reinforced concrete has developed rapidly and was used in almost all parts of the world. Reinforced concrete was first introduced in Indonesia during the colonial period. The used of reinforced concrete increased along with the construction growth in the Dutch East Indies. The used of reinforced concrete between 1901 and 1942 can be seen from the buildings and infrastructure that still exist today. However the development of reinforced concrete in Indonesia during colonial period not widely explored yet. Because of that this study aims to provide an overview of the development of reinforced concrete used during the colonial period using archaeological data and supported by historical data. This research uses secondary data sources obtained through literature study. Based on this research it can be concluded that the development of the reinforced concrete used in the colonial period showed the progress of construction technology as well as economic and social conditions at that time.

Keywords: Reinforced concrete; Construction technology; Construction material; Colonial period

KONSUMSI SIRIH PINANG DAN PATOLOGI GIGI PADA MASYARAKAT PRASEJARAH LEWOLEBA DAN LIANG BUA, DI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR, INDONESIA

Toetik Koesbardiati, Delta Bayu Murti

This paper focus on chewing betel quid habit that dominantly happen in the Asia to Pacific region. Betel quid leaves traces of reddish-brown colour on the teeth. It is identified that dental stain was very common on teeth of prehistoric skeletal remains, for example in Thailand and Vietnam. Several studies have shown that chewing betel nut can cause diseases in the teeth and oral cavity. The purpose of this study is to describe the relationship between betel nut chewing and the emergence of tooth pathology in teeth from the prehistoric population from Lewoleba and Liang Bua. Ten individuals were observed using the macroscopic method. The results showed that consumption of betel nut (based on dental stains) was followed by attrition, periodontitis and even antemortem tooth loss.

Keywords: Betel quid; dental attrition; periodontitis; AMTL; Liang Bua; Lewoleba

LANSKAP SPIRITUAL SITUS LIYANGAN

Daud Aris Tanudirjo, JSE Yuwono, Ari Mukti Wardoyo

Liyangan archaeological site in the village of Purbasari, Residency Temanggung, Central Java, is an Old Mataram settlement predictably existed from around 8th to 10th century CE. In this site, which was buried by thick layers of pyroclastic materials of Gunung Sindoro eruption, various artefacts as well as stone structures are found including pavement, altars, retaining walls, water-temple, and remains of wooden structures. One of the most interesting aspect of this site is the orientation of the stone structures. Although the whole settlement was arranged to follow the sloping contour of the Mount Sindoro, most of the stone structures were oriented to southeast, which was not common for stone shrines built at the same period. This paper attempts to explain the reason for such an exceptional orientation using landscape archaeological approach. Our research demonstrates that the ten Liyangan stone structures were oriented to either Mount Merapi, Baka Hill, or the Prambanan temple. The orientation of the stone structures is believed as a reflection of the spatial map and the cosmology of the community lived in Liyangan centuries ago. It is suggested here that such an orientation represents the so-called “spiritual landscape” of the people.

Keywords: Situs Liyangan; Landscape archaeology; Spiritual landscape; Mount Sindoro; Mount Merapi, Mataram Hindu Kingdom