The signification of paramita teachings in Jatakamala reliefs at Candi Borobudur: Semiotic perspective

Authors

  • So Tju Shinta Lee Department of Archaeology, Universitas Indonesia
  • Agus Aris Munandar Department of Archaeology, Universitas Indonesia
https://doi.org/10.30883/jba.v42i2.963

Keywords:

Buddhism, didactic means, Peirce's semiotics, six perfections, Dharma

Abstract

This paper examines how the Jatakamala reliefs at Candi Borobudur represent the teachings of six perfections (sat-paramita), the social roles of the main characters, and the universal values in the stories. This research is necessary as previous studies do not provide adequate analyses on how Jatakamala is associated with the practice of perfections. By integrating three data components: the reliefs, the manuscript, and the sutras on six perfections, this study employed pragmatic semiotics by Charles Sanders Peirce to identify the perfection(s) in five Jatakamala stories. Thematic analysis was employed to discern social roles and universal messages in 14 stories. Application of Peirce's triadic shows that each story represents multiple perfections. The main characters in Jatakamala play an active social role and tackle issues in society through actions and exemplification. Jatakamala also contains universal values as a means for learning and education.

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Author Biography

Agus Aris Munandar, Department of Archaeology, Universitas Indonesia

Agus Aris Munandar adalah Guru Besar aktif Arkeologi Indonesia di Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesiasejak tahun 2010 hingga sekarang. Beliau juga menjabat sebagai Ketua Dewan Guru Besar Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesia dari tahun 2020 hingga kini. Beliau mendapatkan gelar Sarjana Sastra bidang Arkeologi dari Universitas Indonesia pada tahun 1984, gelar Magister Humaniora (S2) dari Program Studi Arkeologi Universitas Indonesia tahun 1990, dan gelar Doktor Arkeologi dari Program Studi Arkeologi (S3), Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya Universitas Indonesia pada tahun 1999. Beberapa karya ilmiah terbaru adalah: Wilwatiktaprana: Kajian Arkeologi Sejarah Zaman Majapahit yang diterbitkan tahun 2018, Lawang Seketeng: Mengeja Arkeologi Islam di Jawa diterbitkan tahun 2020, Tekes: Tinjauan Terhadap Kisah-kisah Panjitahun 2021, dan Bhadresvara: Beberapa Telaah Masa Silam Asia Tenggara tahun 2021.

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Pemaknaan ajaran paramita pada relief Jatakamala di Candi Borobudur: Perspektif semiotika

Published

2022-07-31

How to Cite

Lee, S. T. S., & Munandar, A. A. (2022). The signification of paramita teachings in Jatakamala reliefs at Candi Borobudur: Semiotic perspective. Berkala Arkeologi, 42(1), 37–56. https://doi.org/10.30883/jba.v42i2.963

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Articles