The function of stone tools from Gua Arca Site, Kangean Island, East Java

Fungsi alat batu dari Situs Gua Arca, Pulau Kangean, Jawa Timur

Authors

  • Rahfi Muhammad Alumni Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, University of Indonesia
DOI     10.30883/jba.v41i2.885

Keywords:

Stone tool, use-wear, function, experiment, Gua Arca

Abstract

This article examines the functions of stone tools from Gua Arca site, Kangean Island, Madura, Province of East Java. This research aims to determine the functionality of the stone tools through tool-type and use-wear analysis and compare them with the experimental result from the experts. The knowledge of the stone tools functions was build by classifying the stone tools into a particular type that depends on edge attributes, including the edge localization and edge angle. Hereafter, the stone tools sorted to separate which of the 142 stone tools have a use-wear indication. The sorting result showed that ten stone tools have several traces that indicate the usage of the tools. Hereafter, the use-wear analysis conducted on these ten tools was observed and recorded according to the use-wear form, localization, and distribution on the tool edges. After that, the results on tool-type and use-wear analysis compared with the experts’ experiments. It explained the correlation between use-wear with the tools activities and the worked materials. The similarities between the use-wear forms from the experts’ experiments result and stone tools use-wear forms from the Gua Arca site used to interprate its functions. Based on the research conducted, it is estimated stone tools of Gua Arca were used for woodworking and food processing.

Abstrak

Artikel ini membahas mengenai fungsi alat batu dari Situs Gua Arca, Pulau Kangean, Madura, Jawa Timur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan fungsi dari alat batu melalui analisis tipe alat dan jejak pakai pada alat batu yang kemudian dibandingkan dengan hasil eksperimen para ahli. Pengetahuan mengenai fungsi diawali dengan mengklasifikasikan alat batu ke dalam tipe-tipe tertentu berdasarkan atribut tajaman yang meliputi letak tajaman dan sudut tajaman. Selanjutnya, dilakukan pemilahan alat yang memiliki indikasi jejak pemakaian yang berjumlah 142 alat. Berdasarkan pemilahan alat pakai yang dilakukan, dapat diketahui 10 alat memiliki jejak-jejak yang mengindikasikan pemakaian alat. Selanjutnya,dilakukan analisis jejak pakai pada 10 alat tersebut dengan mengamati dan merekam bentuk-bentuk jejak pakai, keletakan, dan distribusinya pada tajaman alat. Hasil analisis tipe alat dan jejak pakai selanjutnya dibandingkan dengan eksperimen para ahli yang menjelaskan keterkaitan antara jejak pakai dengan aktivitas penggunaan alat dan material yang dikerjakan. Kedekatan antara bentuk-bentuk jejak pakai hasil eksperimen para ahli dengan jejak pakai alat batu dari Situs Gua Arca digunakan untuk memperkirakan fungsi dari alat batu. Berdasarkan penelitian yang telah dilakukan, diperkirakan alat batu di Situs Gua Arca digunakan untuk aktivitas pengerjaan kayu dan pengolahan bahan makanan.

 

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Berkala Arkeologi lithic

Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Muhammad, R. (2021). The function of stone tools from Gua Arca Site, Kangean Island, East Java. Berkala Arkeologi, 41(2), 137–158. https://doi.org/10.30883/jba.v41i2.885

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Articles