Iron industry and Banjar War on the upper of the Barito Watershed, North Barito, Central Kalimantan

Industri besi dan Perang Banjar di hulu DAS Barito, Barito Utara, Kalimantan Tengah

Authors

  • nfn. Hartatik Regional Agency for Archaeological Research in South Kalimantan Province
  • nfn. Sunarningsih Regional Agency for Archaeological Research in South Kalimantan Province
  • Nugroho Nur Susanto Regional Agency for Archaeological Research in South Kalimantan Province
  • Gaury V. Daneswara Department of Culture and Tourism in Central Kalimantan Province
  • Dian Triasri Setiyorini Regional Agency for Archaeological Research in South Kalimantan Province
DOI     10.30883/jba.v41i2.731

Keywords:

Upper Barito, Banjar War, iron industry, weapon, buren

Abstract

Archaeological research on iron industry in the upper Barito river basin in 2017-2019, show 19 iron ore smelting sites called buren in the local language. Based on radiocarbon dating, the buren was used from 16th to 19th CE. This paper aims to explain correlation between the peak of iron industry in 19th CE and the Banjar War in the upper Barito river, based on a comparison of chronology, type of weapons, and location of buren. Through the historical-archeology approach, the authors suggest that the types of weapons used in the Banjar War have similarities with the inherited weapons of upper Barito people. Several known buren locations also recorded in historical data of the Banjar War. The location of buren shifted from the banks of main river to the banks of tributary river.

Abstrak

Penelitian arkeologi di hulu DAS Barito pada tahun 2017-2019 menghasilkan 19 situs peleburan bijih besi yang disebut buren dalam bahasa lokal. Berdasarkan pertanggalan radiokarbon diketahui bahwa situs buren digunakan dari abad ke-16 hingga abad ke-19 M. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara puncak industri besi pada abad ke-19 M dengan peristiwa Perang Banjar di hulu Sungai Barito, berdasarkan perbandingan kronologi, jenis senjata yang digunakan, dan pemilihan lokasi buren. Melalui pendekatan arkeologi kesejarahan, diketahui bahwa jenis senjata yang digunakan dalam Perang Banjar mempunyai kesamaan dengan senjata warisan milik penduduk hulu Barito. Diketahui pula bahwa sejumlah situs buren berada di lokasi yang disebutkan dalam sumber sejarah Perang Banjar. Lokasi buren tersebut bergeser dari tepi aliran sungai utama ke tepi aliran anak-anak sungai.

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Berkala Arkeologi

Published

2021-11-30

How to Cite

Hartatik, nfn., Sunarningsih, nfn., Susanto, N. N., Daneswara, G. V., & Setiyorini, D. T. (2021). Iron industry and Banjar War on the upper of the Barito Watershed, North Barito, Central Kalimantan. Berkala Arkeologi, 41(2), 233–250. https://doi.org/10.30883/jba.v41i2.731

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