SISTEM PERTAHANAN JEPANG DI JAWA STUDI BERDASARKAN TINGGALAN GUA JEPANG DI BANYUMAS, JAWA TENGAH

  • Muhammad Chawari Balai Arkeologi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Keywords: japan, defense system, caves, banyumas

Abstract

Towards mid of 20th century Indonesia was not yet fully freed from suffering, particularly the Japanese occupation. During the period of 3 years, from 1942 to 1945 Japan seized Indonesia. First they landed in is East Kalimantan. From here they occupied the entire archipelago. To defend the territory, the built numerous fortress called bunker. The term often used to refer to Japanese Caves. Japanese bunker and Japanese caves are different. Bunkers were made of a mixture of cement, stone, and sand, while the cave were made by drilling holes in the hills horizontally, the entire Japanese defense system in Banyumas are caves. By observing Japanese caves, particularly in Banyumas, we can learn about the defense system elaborated by the Japanese in Java during their occupation.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonim. 1989. Ensiklopedi Nasional Indonesia Jilid 6. Jakarta: PT. Cipta Adi Pustaka.

Anonim. 2009. Buku Rencana Masterplan Goa Jepang Walidadi, Tambaknegara, Kec. Rawalo. Banyumas: Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata.

Chawari, Muhammad. 2012. “Sarana Pertahanan Jepang Pada Masa Perang Dunia Ke II (Tahap III)”. Laporan Penelitian Arkeologi. Yogyakarta: Balai Arkeologi.

Notosusanto, Nugroho (ed). 1976. Sejarah Nasional Indonesia VI. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Poerwadarminta, WJS. 1976. Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PN. Balai Pustaka.

Widodo, Sambung. 2010. Laporan Ringkas Penelitian Sarana Pertahanan Jepang Pada Masa Perang Dunia Ke II Tahap I. Yogyakarta: EHPA Intern Balai Arkeologi.

Published
2013-05-31
How to Cite
Chawari, M. (2013). SISTEM PERTAHANAN JEPANG DI JAWA STUDI BERDASARKAN TINGGALAN GUA JEPANG DI BANYUMAS, JAWA TENGAH. Berkala Arkeologi, 33(1), 79-92. https://doi.org/10.30883/jba.v33i1.7
Section
Articles