PERSAMAAN DAN PERBEDAAN UNSUR LOGAM BENDA-BENDA PERUNGGU SUMATERA BAGIAN UTARA DENGAN BENDA-BENDA PERUNGGU JAWA TENGAH: ANTARA KEMANDIRIAN TEKNIS DAN PEMENUHAN KONSEP

Ery Soedowo(1*)

(1) Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract

When India culture introduce to Indonesia Archipelago, some changes were happen in its native culture. One of India influence was its religion i.e. Hinduism and Buddhism. Both religion then resemblance in material culture such as sacred building (temple), rites utensils (statue, bell, monk stick finial, etc.), or inscription. One of its material source to made those things is bronze. When Indian culture was introduced, the natives weren’t take it for granted adopt Indian concept for producing bronze things. By XRF analysis, known that bronze artifacts from Northern Sumatra and Java aren’t adopt concept from India traditions i.e. astadhatu and pancaloha. Indian influence on bronze artifacts from Northern Sumatra and Java can see on fullfilness of religion concept, especially on statues. It seen on the choosing of special metals as dominan elements for bronze statue construction. This study reveals some of similarities and diverences in construction elements between Northern Sumatra and Java bronze artifacts.

 

Keywords

bronze; north sumatera; central java; bronze making; technology

References

Brandes, J.L.A., 1889. ―Een Jayapatra of Acte van Eene Rechterlijke Uitspraak van Saka 849‖ dalam TBG XXXII. Hlm:1--52 Boomgard, L., 1947. ―Oude Mijnwerken op Sumatra’s Westkunst‖ dalam Geologi van Mijnbouw 9 (5). Hlm: 77--82

Haryono, Timbul, 1985. ―Analisis Elemental Benda-benda Perunggu Situs Gunung Wingko: Evaluasi Metalurgi‖ dalam REHPA II. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Arkeologi Nasional

______________, 1993 a. ―Aspek-aspek Simbolik Dalam Teknik Arkeometalurgi Masa Klasik Jawa Kuna‖ dalam Analisis Hasil Penelitian Arkeologi IV: Metalurgi Dalam Arkeologi. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Hlm: 341—346

______________, 1993 b. Aspek-aspek Teknik dan Simbolik Artefak-artefak Perunggu Jawa Kuno Abad VIII – X. Yogyakarta: Disertasi Universitas Gadjah Mada

Nastiti, Titi Surti, 1993. ―Pandai Logam Dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Jawa Kuno‖ dalam Analisis Hasil Penelitian Arkeologi IV: Metalurgi Dalam Arkeologi. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Hlm: 269—278

Pollard, Mark, et.al. 2007. Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology. New York: Cambridge University Press

Rao, T. A. Gopinatha, 1971. Hindu Iconography. Delhi: Indological Book House

Setianingsih, Rita Margaretha, dkk., 2003. Berita Penelitian Arkeologi no. 10 Prasasti dan Bentuk Pertulisan Lain di Wilayah Kerja Balai Arkeologi Medan. Medan: Balai Arkeologi Medan

Sivaramurti, C., 1981. South Indian Bronzes. New Delhi: Lalit Kala Akademi

Triwurjani, Rr., 1993. ―Hubungan Antara Bahan, Bentuk dan Fungsi Artefak Perunggu di Indonesia‖ dalam Analisis Hasil Penelitian Arkeologi IV: Metalurgi Dalam Arkeologi. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

van Bemmelen, R.W. 1944. Economic Geology Vol. II. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30883/jba.v32i2.54
Abstract viewed = | 135 | times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = | 84 | times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.