• Sofwan Noerwidi Balai Arkeologi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Keywords: Biocultural Aspect, Bioarchaeology, Human Remains, Old Mataram, Liangan


In 2013, Center for Archaeological Research of Yogyakarta has found a human remain in Cluster F, Liangan site, Temanggung, which named as individual of Liangan F1. This study tries to reveals biological and cultural aspects which recorded on this remain by bioarchaeological approach. Biological aspects are including; age estimation, sex determination, population affinity, and pathology or health condition. Meanwhile, cultural aspects are including antemortem cultural practice which associated to dental modification, and perimortem taphonomy as evidence of funeral practices or burial procedures. Study on human remains from Liangan settlement site of Ancient Mataram Kingdom has opened our knowledge to understanding culture and human behavior which develop during the historical period of 9th-10th century AD in Java.

Author Biography

Sofwan Noerwidi, Balai Arkeologi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Peneliti Muda


Enoki K., Dahlberg A.A. 1958. “Rotated maxillary central incisors”, Orthod J Jpn 17, pp. 157.

Hanihara K., Tanaka T., Tamada M. 1970. “Quantitative analysis of the shovelshaped character in the incisors”, J Anthropol Soc Nippon 78, pp. 90–93.

Holland, S.M. 2006. Cluster Analysis. University of Georgia

Jørgensen K.D. 1955. “The Dryopithecus pattern in recent Danes and

Dutchmen”, J Dent Res 34, pp. 195–208.

Lovejoy, C.O. 1985. “Dental wear in the Libben population: Its functional pattern and role in the determination of adult skeletal age at death. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 68. pp. 47-56.

Matsumura, H. dan Oxenham, M.F. 2014. Demographic Transitions and Migration in Prehistoric East/Southeast Asia Through the Lens of

Nonmetric Dental Traits,

Noerwidi, Sofwan. 2012. “The significant of the Holocene human skeleton Song Keplek 5 in the history of human colonization of Java: A comprehensive morphological and morphometric study”, International Master Thesis in Quaternary and Prehistory, Paris: MNHN

Rangkuti, Nurhadi. dan Tjahjono, Baskoro. D. 2000. “Laporan Peninjauan Situs Liyangan, Temanggung, Laporan Penelitian, Yogyakarta: Balai Arkeologi

Riyanto, S. 2011. “Integrasi Data, Gambaran Rekonstruktif, dan Kronologi Situs Liyangan”, Berita Penelitian Arkeologi No. 25, Yogyakarta: Balai Arkeologi, pp. 45-61

__________. 2012. “Kawasan Situs Liyangan: Luasan, Bentuk, Ragam Komponen Permukiman, serta Hubungan Fungsional antar Komponen dan Ruangnya”, Berita Penelitian Arkeologi No. 25, Yogyakarta: Balai Arkeologi, pp. 60-72

Rooney, D.F. 1993. Betel Chewing Traditions in South-East Asia, Oxford: University Press

Saheki M. 1958. “On the heredity of the tooth crown configuration studied in twins”, Acta Anat Nipponica 33, pp. 456–470.

Scott, G.R. 1973. “Dental morphology: A genetic study of American White families and variation in living Southwest Indians”. PhD dissertation, Arizona State University

Soejono, R.P. 1977. “Sistem-sistem penguburan pada akhir masa prasejarah di Bali”, Doctoral Thesis, University of Indonesia

Suzuki M. dan Sakai T. 1973. The Japanese dentition, Matsumoto: Shinshu Univ Press.

Tim Penelitian. 2013. “Laporan Penelitian Arkeologi: Situs Liangan,

Temanggung, Jawa Tengah”, Laporan Penelitian Arkeologi, Yogyakarta: Balai Arkeologi

__________. 2014. “Laporan Penelitian Arkeologi: Situs Liangan, Temanggung, Jawa Tengah”, Laporan Penelitian Arkeologi, Yogyakarta: Balai Arkeologi Turner CG II, Nichol CR, Scott GR. 1991. “Scoring procedures for key morphological traits of the permanent dentition: The Arizona State University dental anthropology system”, dalam Kelly M.A., Larsen C.S., eds., Advances in dental anthropology, New York: Wiley-Liss, pp. 13–31.

White, T.D. dan Folkens, P.A. 2005. The Human Bone Manual. United Kingdom: Elsevier, Inc.