TEMUAN RANGKA MANUSIA AUSTRONESIA DI PANTURA JAWA TENGAH: “SEBUAH KAJIAN AWAL"

  • Gunadi Kasnowihardjo Balai Arkeologi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Keywords: archaeology, pantura, rembbang, prehistoric

Abstract

Preliminary research in Lasem, Sluke and Kragan Districts, Rembang Regency, Central Java has been conducted in late 2012. The first problem in this study is to reviewing the Prehistoric Burials Site at North Beach area (PANTURA) of Rembang Regency. The objective is to seek possibility of discovering several prehistoric grave sites along the coast between Kragan and Lasem Districts. By surveying the surface along the coast, was found a few locations that are identified as prehistoric grave site such in the village of Leran, Sluke District and village of Binangun, Lasem District. Based on the survey results followed by excavation to learn more about the grave sites, especially the skeleton that was buried as the main data of this research. The skeleton findings those are typical of the Austronesian culture. This finding is significant data. Even in terms of paleoanthropological study known about tooth modification in some individuals, both of which are found on Binangun and Leran. Modified forms of the teeth look likes jasmine flower buds have never been found anywhere else in Indonesia.

 

Author Biography

Gunadi Kasnowihardjo, Balai Arkeologi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta

References

Anonim. 2012. “Penelitian Situs Kubur Prasejarah Di Pantai Utara Kabupaten Rembang, Jawa Tengah”. Laporan Penelitian Arkeologi. Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta (Belum Diterbitkan).

Bellwood, Peter. 1995/2006. “Austronesian Prehistory in Southeast Asia: Homeland, Expansion and Transformation” dalam Peter Bellwood, James J. Fox and Darrell Tryon (ed.) The Austronesians, Historical and Comparative Perspective. Canberra: E-PRESS, The Australian National University.

Bellwood, Peter, 2000. Prasejarah Kepulauan Indo-Malaysia (Edisi Revisi). Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Dizon, Eusebio Z. 1996 – 1997. “Archaelology Of Batanes Province, Northern Philippines” dalam The 1996 – 1997 Status Report, Archaeology Division and Underwater Archaeology Section. Manila: National Museum of The Philippines.

Emory, Kenneth P. 1934. Archaeology Of The Pacific Equatorial Islands. Honolulu: The Museum. Fernandez, Inyo Yos. 2004. “Asal Mula Orang Austronesia” dalam Polemik tentang Masyarakat Austronesia. Jakarta: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia bekerjasama dengan Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Geldern, Robert von Heine. 1945. “Prehistoric Research in the Netherlands Indies” dalam Pieter Honig and Frans Verdoorn (ed.) Science and Scientists in the Netherlands Indies. New York Board for the Netherlands Indies.

Hoop, A.N.J. Th a Th Van Der. 1938. “De Praehistorie” dalam Geschiedenis Van Nederlandsch Indie. Amsterdam: N.V. Uitgeversmaatschappij-Joost Van Den Vondel,.

Koentjaraningrat, 1982. Manusia dan Kebudayaan di Indonesia. Jakarta: Penerbit Djambatan.

Koesbardiati, T., Murti, B.D., Suriyanto, R.A. 2012. “Leprosy On Plawangan Skull: Evidences For Mongoloidization?” dalam The International Seminar Proceeding Book, Celebrating the 80th birthday of Professor Dr. Habil Josef Glinka, SVD. Surabaya: Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University. Hlm. 135-141.

Masinambow, E.K.M. 2004. “Masyarakat Austronesia: Fakta atau Fiksi?” dalam Polemik tentang Masyarakat Austronesia. Jakarta: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia bekerjasama dengan Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Morris, Ian. 1987. Burial and Ancient Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Simanjuntak, Truman, 2007. Arkeologi & Etnografi Kalumpang Kabupaten Mamuju Provinsi Sulawesi Barat. Jakarta: Pusat Penelitian Arkeologi Nasional.

__________________. 2008 (ed.). Austronesian in Sulawesi. Jakarta: Center for Prehistoric and Austronesian Studies.

__________________. 2011. “Austronesia Prasejarah di Indonesia” dalam Austronesia & Melanesia di Nusantara. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.

Soejono, R. P. 2008. “Zaman Prasejarah Indonesia”, Sejarah Nasional Indonesia I, Jakarta: Penerbit Balai Pustaka.

Sukendar, Haris dan Awe, Rokhus Due. 1981. “Laporan Penelitian Terjan dan Plawangan Jawa Tengah”. Berita Penelitian Arkeologi No. 27, Jakarta: Proyek Penelitian Purbakala Jakarta, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Tanudirdjo, Daud Aris dan Prasetyo, Bagyo. 2004. “Model Out of Taiwan” dalam Polemik tentang Masyarakat Austronesia, Jakarta: Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia bekerjasama dengan Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Published
2013-05-31
Section
Articles